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Global Warming Is Here!
New York, NY-
They point out that global mean surface temperatures have increased 1.0°F since the end of the 19th century, and that the 20th century's 10 warmest years all occurred in the last 15 years of the century. The IPCC also reports that the snow cover in the Northern Hemisphere and floating ice in the Arctic Ocean have both decreased and that globally sea level has risen 6 to 8 inches over the past century.
While carefully skirting the issues of industrial emissions and atmospheric pollution, the IPCC does not say this is due to the green house effect. What the IPCC does say is that “global warming can now be considered an established fact.” A copy of the still unpublished report was given to TheRealTruth by sources inside the IPCC who must remain anonymous for obvious reasons.
To support its conclusion, the IPCC presents an impressive array from around the globe of observations of heat waves, periods of unusually warm weather, ocean warming, sea-level rise, glaciers melting, and studies on Arctic and Antarctic warming. All of these, the IPCC claims, are caused by global warming. A few excerpts from the IPCC report follow:
Heat waves and periods of unusually warm weather:
Southeast Europe and Middle East – There were widespread heat waves, with temperatures reaching as high as 111°F in locations across Turkey, Greece, Romania, Italy, and Bulgaria. In Bulgaria, 100-year records for daily maximum temperature were broken at more than 75% of the observing stations. For Armenia, this was the hottest summer of the last century. Jordan reported the longest stretch of summer heat in its 77-year record.
Denmark and Germany - This was the warmest summer on record. In Germany temperatures were as much as 7°F above average. The record-breaking temperatures are part of a warming trend of 1.4°F over continental Europe during the past century.
Central England – This was also the warmest summer on record in England. Over the 20th century Central England’s temperature has warmed by about 1°F, and four of the five warmest years in its 343-year record occurred in the last decade.
Tropical Andes (Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile) – The Andes experienced another increase in average annual temperatures. Average annual temperatures have increased by about 0.2°F per decade since 1939. The rate of warming has doubled in the last 40 years, and more than tripled in the last 25 years, to about 0.6°F per decade.
Southern India – India experienced another year of heat waves. In the state of Andhra Pradesh temperatures rose to 120°F, resulting in the highest one-week death toll on record. This heat wave is part of a long-term warming trend in Asia in general. India, including southern India, has experienced a warming trend at a rate of 1°F per century.
Ocean warming and sea-level rise:
Antarctic Peninsula -- Warming on the Antarctic Penisula is 5 times the global average. Since 1945, the Antarctic Peninsula has experienced a warming of about 4.5°F. The annual melt season has increased by 2 to 3 weeks in just the past 20 years.
Southern Ocean – The southern oceans have also experienced a strong warming trend. Measurements from data recorders in the southern ocean waters around Antarctica show a 0.3°F rise in ocean temperatures between the 1950s and the 1980s.
Fiji – A significant sea-level rise has been observed on Fiji. Reports from local inhabitants at 16 sites indicate that the island's average shoreline has been receding half a foot per year over at least the past 90 years.
American and Western Samoa – Western Samoa has experienced shore recession of about 1.5 feet per year for at least the past 90 years.
Bermuda -- Dying mangroves are the reports from Bermuda. Rising sea level is leading to saltwater inundation of coastal mangrove forests.
Kenya -- Mt. Kenya's largest glacier is disappearing. 92 percent of the Lewis Glacier has melted in the past 100 years.
Austria -- Record glacial retreat has been observed in Austria. Emergence of a frozen Stone Age mummy from a melting glacier in the Oetztal Alps indicates that glacial ice is more reduced today than at any time during the past 5,000 years.
Venezuela - Disappearing glaciers are reported in Venezuela. Of six glaciers in the Venezuelan Andes in 1972, only 2 remain, and scientists predict that these will be gone within the next 10 years. Glaciers in the mountains of Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru show similar rapid rates of retreat. Temperature records in other regions of the Andes show a significant warming of about 0.6° F per decade since the mid-1970s.
Andes Mountains, Peru -- Glacial retreat has accelerated seven-fold in the Andes of Peru. The edge of the Qori Kalis glacier had been retreating 13 feet annually between 1963 and 1978. By 1995, the rate had increased to 99 feet per year.
Mt. Everest – A retreating glacier is also reported at Mt. Everest. The Khumbu Glacier, popular climbing route to the summit of Mt. Everest, has retreated over 3 miles since 1953. The Himalayan region overall has warmed by about 1.8°F since the 1970s.
Arctic and Antarctic warming:
Bering Sea -- Reduced sea ice is also reported in the Bering Sea. Sea-ice extent has shrunk by about 5 percent over the past 40 years.
Antarctic Peninsula – An entire ice-shelf collapsed in January-February 2002. The northern section of the Larsen B ice shelf, an area of 1,250 square miles, disintegrated in a period of 35 days. This was the largest collapse event of the last 30 years, bringing the total loss of ice extent from seven ice shelves to 6,760 square miles since 1974. The ice retreat is attributed to the region’s strong warming trend - 4.5°F in the last 50 years.
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